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Episode 123: Eat what you want as long as it comes from the Mediterranean

In episode 123, Mike and James chew on and regurgitate all the diet data that’s fit for consumption. They figure out that all diets have similar average effects on weight but that only the Mediterranean diet has any evidence of benefit in reducing cardiovascular outcomes. To celebrate this new found knowledge we both celebrate by eating 4 pounds of bacon (tofu bacon for James) dipped in olive oil.

1) Tools for Practice

Is any diet better for weight loss or preventing negative health outcomes?

2) Low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load diets for overweight and obesity 

Cochrane Library

3) Low fat, low carb vs Mediterranean

N Engl J Med 2008;359:229-41

4) 4 different diets (varying concentrations of carbohydrate, protein and fat)

N Engl J Med 2009;360:859-73

5) Cohort data – increased mortality with low carb diets especially if protein and fat from animal sources

Eur J Clin Nutr 2007;61:575-81

Ann Intern Med 2010;153:289-98

6) Very low calorie diets

Obesity 2006;14:1283-93

Obesity 2008;16:2456–61

7) Mediterranean diet evidence

Lancet 1994;343:1454-59

Ann Intern Med 2009;151:306-14

Lancet 2002;360:1455–61

BMJ 2008;337:a1344

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